Tests & Surveys - Question types

The LMS contains 17 question types which may be used in any combination to generate tests and surveys. Any time you create a question you will have the option when finished to submit and create another question of that type in the one action.

These instructions work for Tests, Surveys and Pools, assume you are already editing and are ready to create questions. Options may vary depending on the Creation Settings selected.

Categories and keywords may be useful when automatically generating tests from question pools. Questions may be automatically selected using the categories and keywords entered, e.g. you can choose questions of ‘High Difficulty’ rating, or questions containing the keyword ‘cardiology’.

Calculated Formula

Calculated formula questions contain variables that change so that two different people, or a single person doing a test multiple times, will see a different question.

Example question: If a small bag contains 6 apples and large bag contains 15 apples, how many apples do I have in 3 large and 4 small bags?
The variables are the number of apples per bag and the number of bags.

  1. From Create Question select Calculated Formula.
  2. Enter Question Text, putting square brackets around each variable.
    Note: Variables must be letters, numbers (0-9), periods, hyphens or underscores. No spaces are allowed in variable names.
Text box for entering test question
Text box for entering test question
  1. Enter the formula required to produce the solution. Special characters are available under the buttons at the top of the answer formula area.
Text box for entering formula answer
Text box for entering formula answer
  1. Options allow you to add a percentage variation to the answer range. If the answer must be exact, the range should be set to 0.
  2. Choose if partial credit will be allowed.
  3. If it is important that the units be included in the answer (e.g. Kg, MHz), these may be specified. Including the correct unit may constitute a percentage of the points of the question.
  4. Click Next.
  5. Enter the minimum and maximum values for each of the variables. If decimal points are allowed, enter the number of places.
Selecting the variable value range
Selecting the variable value range
  1. Enter Answer Set Options as required.
    Choose the number of decimal places / significant figures the question should calculate to.
    The number of answer sets will determine the number of sets of variables that will be created. The greater the number of sets, the smaller the likelihood of students doing the same question. BUT the longer it will take Blackboard to generate the question.
  2. Click Calculate to create the answer sets and move to the next page.
  3. Each answer set is displayed for you. You may tweak any set as desired by altering the variable values. Clicking Calculate to update the answers.
Generated sets allowing editing or deletion as needed
Generated sets allowing editing or deletion as needed
  1. Click Remove to delete sets that you do not want to use.
    Note: Clicking calculate will not bring back removed sets.
  2. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  3. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  4. Click Submit.
What the calculated formula question looks like to students
What the calculated formula question looks like to students

Calculated Numeric

Calculated Numeric questions ask a question that requires a number only answer. An answer range is allowed. The correct answer should not contain alphabetic characters. If alphabetic characters are entered as part of the answer (e.g. 3 cm, 8 litres, 100 buildings) the alphabetic component is disregarded.

Example question: In litres, how much water can an Asian elephant hold in its trunk?

  1. From Create Question select Calculated Numeric.
  2. Enter the Question Text carefully so that it is clear a numeric answer is required.
  3. Enter the correct answer and answer range (if allowed).
  4. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  5. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  6. Click Submit.
What a calculated numeric question looks like to students
What a calculated numeric question looks like to students

Either/Or

One of the simplest question types, Either/Or, asks a question/makes a statement and then allows the student to choose between two options e.g. Yes/No, Agree/Disagree, Right/Wrong, and True/False. Note: There is also a True/False only question type.

  1. From Create Question select Either/Or.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement.
  3. Select the preferred Answer Orientation setting.
  4. Select the appropriate Answer Label e.g. Yes/No, Agree/Disagree, Right/Wrong, True/False.
  5. Click the radio button next to indicate the Correct Answer.
  6. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  7. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  8. Click Submit.
What an Either/Or question looks like to students
What an Either/Or question looks like to

Essay

Essay questions require text input from the student as their answer. A full array of text formatting tools are provided to the student (see image below). The essay question must be manually marked by teaching staff before results for the entire test will be available to students.

  1. From Create Question select Essay.
  2. Enter the Question Text.
  3. Enter an example Answer (optional) to give students and markers an indication of the style of answer you are after. Note: the example answer will be available to students taking the test. Do not enter the correct answer here.
  4. Click Add Rubric if the use of a rubric is required by staff to mark this question.
    For more information on rubrics see the Blackboard Rubrics guide: http://www.lms.unimelb.edu.au/user_guides/rubrics_guide.pdf
  5. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  6. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  7. Click Submit.
What an Essay question looks like to students
What an Essay question looks like to students

File Response

File Response questions will require manual marking by teaching staff. Results for the entire test will not be available to students until the test is marked.

Students will be required to attach a file from either their computer or the content collection that answers the question.

  1. From Create Question select File Response.
  2. Enter the Question Text.
  3. Click Add Rubric if the use of a rubric is required by staff to mark this question.
    For more information on rubrics see the Blackboard Rubrics guide.
  4. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  5. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  6. Click Submit.
What a File Response question looks like to students
What a File Response question looks like to students

Fill in Multiple Blanks

Fill in Multiple Blanks makes a statement, but leaves out key words that the student will supply.

  1. From Create Question select Fill in Multiple Blanks.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement specifying up to ten variables in square brackets.
    Note: Variables must be letters, numbers (0-9), periods, hyphens or underscores. No spaces are allowed in variable names. An error will occur if duplicate variables are attempted.
Text box for entering the test question
Text box for entering the test question
  1. Select Allow Partial Credit if desired.
  2. Click Next.
  3. On the new screen, your question/statement is displayed so that you can enter the answers to the blanks in your question/statement. If you need to modify your base statement at this point, click Previous.
  4. Select the Number of Answers possible for the first variable in the question/statement.
    Note: This question type relies on perfect spelling to be graded correctly so if spelling variants exist for the correct answer you may wish to enter all variants.
  5. Enter the possible answers for the other variables within the question text. Multiple responses for each variable may be permitted.
Area for entering all possible answers including options such as case sensitivity
Area for entering all possible answers including options such as case sensitivity
  1. Click Next.
  2. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  3. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  4. Click Submit.
What a Fill in Multiple Blanks question looks like to students
What a Fill in Multiple Blanks question looks like to students

Fill in the Blank

Fill in the Blank makes a statement, but leaves out a key word that the student will supply.

  1. From Create Question select Fill in the Blank.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement.
  3. Select the Number of Answers possible for the blank in the question/statement.
    Note: This question type relies on perfect spelling to be graded correctly so if spelling variants exist for the correct answer you may wish to enter all variants.
  4. Enter the possible answers. Multiple responses may be permitted e.g. 10 or ten.
  5. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  6. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  7. Click Submit.
What a Fill in the Blank question looks like to students
What a Fill in the Blank question looks like to students

Hot Spot

An image is presented along with a statement. The student is asked to identify a certain element (‘Hot Spot’) within the image which matches the question requirements.
The student clicks the area on the image they want to select.
A Clear button is available if the student wants to change their mind and select a different area within the image.

  1. From Create Question select Hot Spot.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement.
  3. Use the Browse My Computer or Browse Content Collection button to locate the image file.
  4. Click Next.
  5. Click and drag the mouse over the area in the image you wish to specify as the Hot Spot (i.e. the desired area for students to click).
    If you make an error, click Clear below the image and re-specify the area.
  6. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  7. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  8. Click Submit.
What a Hot Spot question looks like to students
What a Hot Spot question looks like to students

Jumbled Sentence

Jumbled sentence questions will ask a student to complete a statement by selecting options from drop down menus. The number of options that appear in the drop down can exceed the number of items needed to fill the gaps.

Example statement: When you are preparing to use a chemistry laboratory you must first _______, then ____________ and finally _____________.

  1. From Create Question select Jumbled Sentence.
  2. Enter the Question Text, putting square brackets around each variable to be selected.
    Note: Variables must be letters, numbers (0-9), periods, hyphens or underscores. No spaces are allowed in variable names. An error will occur if duplicate variables are attempted.
Text box for entering the test question
Text box for entering the test question
  1. Click the check box if partial credit is allowed.
  2. Enter the answers that are to appear in the drop down menus. Up to 20 answers may be selected.
    Note: The same answers will appear in each drop down. Answers will appear in the order you type them. There may be more answers than drop downs i.e. some answers may not be used.
  3. Click Next.
  4. Enter the correct answers by selecting them from the drop down menus in the example question.
Select the correct answer for each blank
Select the correct answer for each blank
  1. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  2. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  3. Click Submit.
What a Jumbled Sentence question looks like to students
What a Jumbled Sentence question looks like to students

Matching

Matching questions asks students to pair items in one column to items in another column. There can be different numbers of items in the columns to make it more difficult. Partial credit is allowed by default.

  1. From Create Question select Matching.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement describing the terms you wish to match.
  3. Select the preferred Partial Credit and Answer Numbering settings.
  4. Select the number of questions you want to use.
  5. Enter the ‘questions’ and ‘answer’ in the boxes provided.
  6. If you would like some additional answers to make the correct answers more difficult to guess, click Add unmatched answer choices and select the desired number. Enter the answer text.
  7. The answer order defaults to Manual and displays the answers in the order they were entered.
    You have the choice to manually rearrange the order (drag answers into the desired order), else click the Randomly button to let the LMS select the order.
  8. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  9. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  10. Click Submit.
What a Matching Question looks like to students
What a Matching Question looks like to students

Multiple Answer

Multiple answer questions are very similar to multiple choice questions (below) except that there may be more than one correct answer.

  1. From Create Question select Multiple Answer.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement.
  3. Select the number format to be used, orientation of the question (vertical or horizontal), partial credit, and whether the answers should appear in random order.
  4. Select the number of answers which this multiple choice question will use. If you want to use fewer than four answers, this may be selected by clicking the Remove button next to one or more of the default entries.
  5. In the answer area, enter the correct and incorrect answers in the desired order. On completion of a test/survey, the feedback will appear for the student if you have allowed feedback options for that test/survey.
  6. Indicate the correct answers by clicking the radio button that is positioned to the left of each correct answer.
  7. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  8. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  9. Click Submit.
What a Multiple Answer question looks like to students
What a Multiple Answer question looks like to students

Multiple Choice

Select the single correct answer from those offered.

  1. From Create Question select Multiple Choice.
  2. Enter a short title and the question text or statement.
  3. Select the number format to be used, orientation of the question (vertical or horizontal), partial credit, and whether the answers should appear in random order.
  4. Select the number of answers which this multiple choice question will use. If you want to use fewer than four answers, this may be selected by clicking the Remove button next to one or more of the default entries.
  5. In the answer area, enter the correct and incorrect answers in the desired order. On completion of a test/survey, the feedback will appear for the student if you have allowed feedback options for that test/survey.
  6. Indicate the correct answer by clicking the radio button that is positioned at the top left of the correct answer.
  7. Enter feedback, categories, keywords, and instructor notes as appropriate.
  8. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  9. Click Submit.
What a Multiple Choice question looks like to students
What a Multiple Choice question looks like to students

Opinion Scale/Likert

Opinion scale/Likert questions may be used to gauge levels of agreement, likelihood, acceptance, importance or frequency.

  1. From Create Question select Opinion Scale/Likert.
  2. Enter a short title and a statement with which respondents may agree or disagree (e.g. ‘I like chocolate’).
  3. Select the preferred Answer Numbering and Answer Orientation settings.
  4. Select the boxes for Allow Partial Credit and Show Answers in Random Order as required.
  5. Amend any or all of the six automatically provided responses to suit the statement text.
  6. To remove any response (if required), click the Remove button associated with that response.
  7. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  8. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  9. Click Submit.
What an Opinion Scale/Likert question looks like to students
What an Opinion Scale/Likert question looks like to students

Ordering

Ordering questions allow you to provide a statement and options that students will be asked to put in order.

  1. From Create Question select Ordering
  2. Enter Question Text. This will most likely be in the form of a statement.
  3. Enter the possible answers in their correct order.
    You can increase the number of answers via the drop down at the top of the Answers section.
  4. Click Next.
  5. Correct answer order is show in the left column; display order is shown in the right column. Put your cursor on an item in the right column and drag into the desired order for students to see.
Correct answer order and option to select the display answer order
Correct answer order and option to select the display answer order
  1. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  2. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  3. Click Submit.
What an Ordering Question looks like to students
What an Ordering Question looks like to students

Quiz Bowl

Questions may be presented in the format of the Jeopardy!® television quiz show. A statement is presented and students must respond in the form of a question which could generate that statement (e.g. ‘Australia’s leading university’ could be an answer to the question ‘What is the University of Melbourne?’. Students would be expected to answer the statement with a matching question). Due to trademark restrictions, LMS refers to these questions as Quiz Bowl rather than Jeopardy!® style.

  1. From Create Question select Quiz Bowl.
  2. Enter the question in the form of a statement. For example, ‘This educational institution commenced teaching in 1854’.
  3. Select Allow partial credit if students can receive credit even for answers not phrased in the form of a question. Enter the % of credit allowed for this.
  4. Include or remove the interrogatives that must appear in the student response. In this example, ‘Who is the University of Melbourne?’ and ‘What is the University of Melbourne?’ may be accepted though ‘Where is the University of Melbourne?’ would not. Four possible interrogatives are automatically provided – remove or amend these as required.
Selecting the correct interrogatives for this question
Selecting the correct interrogatives for this question
  1. Indicate the number of accepted answer phrases which must follow the possible interrogatives and enter these phrases into the text boxes provided. In this example, ‘is the University of Melbourne’, ‘is University of Melbourne’ and ‘is Melbourne University’ are acceptable phrases. Repeating the interrogative is not required.
Selecting the correct answering phrases for this question
Selecting the correct answering phrases for this question
  1. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  2. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  3. Click Submit.
What a Quiz Bowl question looks like to students
What a Quiz Bowl question looks like to students

Short Answer

Short answer questions are similar to essay questions, but shorter. The short answer question must be manually marked by teaching staff before results for the entire test will be available to students.

  1. From Create Question select Short Answer.
  2. Enter the Question Text.
  3. Select the number of lines that this short answer should allow.
  4. Enter an example Answer (optional) to give students and markers an indication of the style of answer you are after. Note: The example answer will be available to students taking the test. Do not enter the correct answer here.
  5. Click Add Rubric if the use of a rubric is required by staff to mark this question.
    For more information on rubrics see the Blackboard Rubrics guide.
  6. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  7. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  8. Click Submit.
What a Short Answer question looks like to students
What a Short Answer question looks like to students

True/False

This is very similar to the Either/Or question type, but is limited to True/False questions.

  1. From Create Question select True/False.
  2. Enter a question which may be answered as ‘true’ or ‘false’.
  3. Select the preferred Answer Orientation settings.
  4. Indicate the correct response by selecting True or False.
  5. Enter feedback, categories and keywords as appropriate.
  6. Enter Instructor Notes if required.
  7. Click Submit.
What a True/False question looks like to students
What a True/False question looks like to students

This guide was last updated 07 Nov 2017.
Report any errors or omissions in this guide to lms-guides@lists.unimelb.edu.au

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